Macular Degeneration

Macular Degenration

Also know as Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition that is common among older individuals.  Note this article is for general knowledge only and should not be used to diagnose or used for treatment of AMD. Always consult your primary care physician or optometrist before making any decisions.

macularThe short version of what happens with this condition is the macula (shown in the image) becomes damaged. The macula is in the middle of the retina and is needed/ used for sharp centralized vision when looking at objects directly in front of you. This damage essentially causes blind spots in your vision and over time this spot has the ability to increase in size which also increases the  size of the blind spot you will have looking directly ahead.

The effects of this condition will not lead to complete blindness but it will interfere directly with daily activities and sight.

Am I at Risk?

Common factors which put you at risk to this condition are smoking, race, family history, etc. To avoid this condition, researchers suggest that you avoid smoking, exercise regularly, maintain and monitor your cholesterol as well as blood pressure and eat a balance healthy diet. Just like most things in life, moderation is key and live as healthy a life as you can.

Detection of AMD

  • Visual Acuity Test
  • Dilated Eye Exam
  • Amsler Grid
  • Fluorescein Angiogram
  • Optical Coherence Tomography

Alternative Options for Sight Loss

  • High-Powered/ Magnified Reading Glasses
  • Handheld Magnifying Glasses
  • Large Print Articles/ Reading Materials

Again, note this article is for general knowledge only and should not be used to diagnose or used for treatment of AMD. Always consult your primary care physician or optometrist before making any decisions.

All this information was found on the National Eye Institute’s website. Some information has been removed, altered or adjusted. Please view their site for other information: http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/armd_facts.asp

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